Friday, October 11, 2013

Nobel Peace Prize winners; Complete list from 1901 to 2013

Nobel Peace Prize is established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel.This award is administered by the Norwegian Nobel Committee and awarded annually by a committee of five people elected by the Parliament of Norway to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.The first Nobel Peace Prize (Nobel prize given for peace) was awarded in 1901 to Frédéric Passy and Henry Dunant.Mother Teresa, a nun who was born at Skopje (now in Yugoslavia) and came Calcutta in 1929,founded a group of similar minded people called the Missionaries of Charity, was awarded in 1979.
Nobel Peace Prize winner for 2013

The Nobel Peace Prize for 2013 was awarded to Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for it's extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons. It is an intergovernmental organisation led by General Director Ahmet Üzümcü, which is located in the Hague (Netherlands) and has 189 member states.

European Union (EU) [Europe]- Awarded for having over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Liberia), Leymah Gbowee (Liberia), Tawakkol Karman (Yemen)- Awarded for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work
Liu Xiaobo (China)- Awarded for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China
Barack H. Obama (U.S.A)- Awarded for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples
Martti Ahtisaari (Finland)- Awarded for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) [U.N] , Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. (U.S.A)- Awarded for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change
Muhammad Yunus (Bangladesh), Grameen Bank (Bangladesh)- Awarded for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) [U.N] , Mohamed ElBaradei (Egypt)- Awarded for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way
Wangari Muta Maathai (Kenya)- Awarded for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace
Shirin Ebadi (Iran)- Awarded for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children
Jimmy Carter (U.S.A)- Awarded for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development
United Nations (U.N.) , Kofi Annan (Ghana)- Awarded for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world
Kim Dae-jung (South  Korea)- Awarded for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular
Médecins Sans Frontières (Switzerland)- Awarded in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents
John Hume (U.K), David Trimble (U.K)- Awarded for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland
International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) [Switzerland] , Jody Williams (U.S.A)- Awarded for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines
Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo (East Timor), José Ramos-Horta (East Timor)- Awarded for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor
Joseph Rotblat (U.K), Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (Canada)- Awarded for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms
Yasser Arafat (Egypt), Shimon Peres (Israel), Yitzhak Rabin (Israel)- Awarded to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East
Nelson Mandela (South Africa), Frederik Willem de Klerk (South Africa)- Awarded for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa
Rigoberta Menchú Tum (Guatemala)- Awarded for her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples
Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma)- Awarded for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (U.S.S.R)- President of the Soviet Union. Awarded for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community
The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) (Tibet)- In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people
United Nations Peacekeeping Forces [U.N]- Awarded for their efforts that have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations
Oscar Arias Sánchez (Costa Rica)- Awarded for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year
Elie Wiesel (U.S.A)- Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  (U.S.A)- Awarded for "authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (South Africa)- Bishop of Johannesburg; former Secretary General, South African Council of Churches
Lech Walesa (Poland)- Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights
Alva Myrdal (Swedan), Alfonso García Robles (Mexico)- Awarded for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)[U.N]- An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (Argentina)- Human rights leader;He founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)
Mother Teresa (Albania)- Founder of Missionaries of Charity
Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat (Egypt), Menachem Begin (Israel)- Awarded for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"
Amnesty International (U.K)- Awarded for protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience
Betty Williams (U.K), Mairead Corrigan (U.K)- Founders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (U.S.S.R)- Awarded for his struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations
Seán MacBride (Ireland)-President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia. Awarded for his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists
Eisaku Sato (Japan)-Prime Minister of Japan; Awarded for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation
Henry A. Kissinger (U.S.A),Le Duc Tho (North Vietnam)- Awarded for the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces
Not awarded this year
Willy Brandt (West Germany)-Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; Awarded for West Germany's Ostpolitik
Norman E. Borlaug (U.S.A)- Awarded for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America
International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)[U.N]- Awarded to International Labour Organization
René Cassin (France)- President of the European Court for Human Rights
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) [U.N]- An international aid organization
Martin Luther King Jr. (U.S.A)- Awarded for his Campaigner for civil rights,first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence
International Committee of the Red Cross (Switzerland), League of Red Cross Societies(Switzerland)- Awarded for their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence
Linus Carl Pauling (U.S.A)- Awarded for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing
Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (Swedan)- Secretary General of the U.N.,awarded for strengthening the organization
Albert John Lutuli (South Africa)- President of the African National Congress, he was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa
Philip J. Noel-Baker (U.K)- Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation
Georges Pire (Belgium)- Father in the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees
Lester Bowles Pearson (Canada)- Awarded for his role in trying to end the Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) [Switzerland]- An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951
George Catlett Marshall (U.S.A)- General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of the "Marshall Plan
Albert Schweitzer (France)- Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)
Léon Jouhaux (France)- President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations
Ralph Bunche (U.S.A)- Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948
Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin (U.K)- Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations
Not awarded this year due to the absence of suitable Candidates.A tribute to the recently-assassinated Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) of India, since the prize cannot be awarded posthumously.
Friends Service Council (The Quakers) [U.K], American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers) [U.S.A]- Awarded for compassion for others and the desire to help them
Emily Greene Balch (U.S.A)- Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
John Raleigh Mott (U.S.A)- Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations
Cordell Hull (U.S.A)- Awarded for his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization
International Committee of the Red Cross (Switzerland)- Awarded for the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Nansen International Office for Refugees (Switzerland) - Awarded for its work in aiding refugees
Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Robert Cecil)  (U.K)- Awarded for his work with the League of Nations
Carlos Saavedra Lamas (Argentina)- Awarded for his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia
Carl von Ossietzky (Germany)- Awarded for his struggle against Germany's rearmament
Arthur Henderson (U.K)- Awarded for his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament
Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) [U.K]- Awarded for authoring The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist and educator for peace in general
Not awarded this year
Jane Addams (U.S.A)- Awarded for her social reform work" and "leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Nicholas Murray Butler (U.S.A)- Awarded for his promotion of the Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement
Nathan Söderblom  (Swedan)- Awarded for his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace
Frank Billings Kellogg (U.S.A)- Awarded for the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy
Not awarded this year
Ferdinand Buisson (France), Ludwig Quidde (Germany)- Awarded for contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation
Aristide Briand (France), Gustav Stresemann  (Germany)- Awarded for work on the Locarno Treaties
Sir Austen Chamberlain (U.K)- Awarded for work on the Locarno Treaties
Charles Gates Dawes (U.S.A)- Awarded for work on the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Fridtjof Nansen (Norway)- Awarded for his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine" and "his work for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace
Karl Hjalmar Branting (Swedan)- Awarded for his work in the League of Nations
Christian Lous Lange (Norway)- Awarded for his work as the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee" and "the secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois (France)- Awarded for his participation in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907" and for his work towards "what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (U.S.A)- Awarded for his crucial role in establishing the League
Not awarded this year
International Committee of the Red Cross  (Switzerland)- Awarded for undertaking the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides (of World War I), including their right to establish contacts with their families
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year
Not awarded this year.
Henri La Fontaine (Belgium)- Awarded for his work as head of the International Peace Bureau
Elihu Root (U.S.A)- Awarded for his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court
Tobias Michael Carel Asser  (Netherlands)- Awarded for being a member of the Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law
Alfred Hermann Fried  (Austria)- Awarded for his work as founder of the German Peace Society
Permanent International Peace Bureau  (Switzerland)- Awarded for acting as a link between the peace societies of the various countries
Auguste Marie François Beernaert  (Belgium)- Awarded for being a representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant  (France)- Awarded For combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration
Klas Pontus Arnoldson (Swedan)- Awarded for his work as founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League
Fredrik Bajer  (Denmark)- Awarded for being the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (Italy)- Awarded for his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement
Louis Renault  (France)- Awarded for his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague
Theodore Roosevelt (U.S.A)- Awarded for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case
Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau (Austria-Hungary)- Awarded for authoring Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize
Institute of International Law (Belgium)- Awarded for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law
William Randal Cremer (U.K)- Awarded for his role as the the 'first father' of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Élie Ducommun (Switzerland)- Awarded for his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau
Charles Albert Gobat (Switzerland)- Awarded For his role as the first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Jean Henry Dunant (Switzerland)- Awarded for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross
Frédéric Passy (France)- Awarded for being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress


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