Friday, October 11, 2013

Nobel Peace Prize winners; Complete list from 1901 to 2013

Nobel Peace Prize is established by the 1895 will of Alfred Nobel.This award is administered by the Norwegian Nobel Committee and awarded annually by a committee of five people elected by the Parliament of Norway to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses.The first Nobel Peace Prize (Nobel prize given for peace) was awarded in 1901 to Frédéric Passy and Henry Dunant.Mother Teresa, a nun who was born at Skopje (now in Yugoslavia) and came Calcutta in 1929,founded a group of similar minded people called the Missionaries of Charity, was awarded in 1979.
Nobel Peace Prize winner for 2013

The Nobel Peace Prize for 2013 was awarded to Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) for it's extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons. It is an intergovernmental organisation led by General Director Ahmet Üzümcü, which is located in the Hague (Netherlands) and has 189 member states.

2012
European Union (EU) [Europe]- Awarded for having over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe
2011
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Liberia), Leymah Gbowee (Liberia), Tawakkol Karman (Yemen)- Awarded for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work
2010
Liu Xiaobo (China)- Awarded for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China
2009
Barack H. Obama (U.S.A)- Awarded for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples
2008
Martti Ahtisaari (Finland)- Awarded for his efforts on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts
2007
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) [U.N] , Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. (U.S.A)- Awarded for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change
2006
Muhammad Yunus (Bangladesh), Grameen Bank (Bangladesh)- Awarded for advancing economic and social opportunities for the poor, especially women, through their pioneering microcredit work
2005
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) [U.N] , Mohamed ElBaradei (Egypt)- Awarded for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way
2004
Wangari Muta Maathai (Kenya)- Awarded for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace
2003
Shirin Ebadi (Iran)- Awarded for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children
2002
Jimmy Carter (U.S.A)- Awarded for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development
2001
United Nations (U.N.) , Kofi Annan (Ghana)- Awarded for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world
2000
Kim Dae-jung (South  Korea)- Awarded for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular
1999
Médecins Sans Frontières (Switzerland)- Awarded in recognition of the organization's pioneering humanitarian work on several continents
1998
John Hume (U.K), David Trimble (U.K)- Awarded for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland
1997
International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) [Switzerland] , Jody Williams (U.S.A)- Awarded for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines
1996
Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo (East Timor), José Ramos-Horta (East Timor)- Awarded for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor
1995
Joseph Rotblat (U.K), Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs (Canada)- Awarded for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms
1994
Yasser Arafat (Egypt), Shimon Peres (Israel), Yitzhak Rabin (Israel)- Awarded to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East
1993
Nelson Mandela (South Africa), Frederik Willem de Klerk (South Africa)- Awarded for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa
1992
Rigoberta Menchú Tum (Guatemala)- Awarded for her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples
1991
Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma)- Awarded for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights
1990
Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (U.S.S.R)- President of the Soviet Union. Awarded for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community
1989
The 14th Dalai Lama (Tenzin Gyatso) (Tibet)- In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people
1988
United Nations Peacekeeping Forces [U.N]- Awarded for their efforts that have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations
1987
Oscar Arias Sánchez (Costa Rica)- Awarded for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year
1986
Elie Wiesel (U.S.A)- Chairman of "The President's Commission on the Holocaust
1985
International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War  (U.S.A)- Awarded for "authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues
1984
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (South Africa)- Bishop of Johannesburg; former Secretary General, South African Council of Churches
1983
Lech Walesa (Poland)- Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights
1982
Alva Myrdal (Swedan), Alfonso García Robles (Mexico)- Awarded for their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition
1981
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)[U.N]- An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951
1980
Adolfo Pérez Esquivel (Argentina)- Human rights leader;He founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina)
1979
Mother Teresa (Albania)- Founder of Missionaries of Charity
1978
Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat (Egypt), Menachem Begin (Israel)- Awarded for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"
1977
Amnesty International (U.K)- Awarded for protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience
1976
Betty Williams (U.K), Mairead Corrigan (U.K)- Founders of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)
1975
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (U.S.S.R)- Awarded for his struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations
1974
Seán MacBride (Ireland)-President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia. Awarded for his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists
Eisaku Sato (Japan)-Prime Minister of Japan; Awarded for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation
1973
Henry A. Kissinger (U.S.A),Le Duc Tho (North Vietnam)- Awarded for the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces
1972
Not awarded this year
1971
Willy Brandt (West Germany)-Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; Awarded for West Germany's Ostpolitik
1970
Norman E. Borlaug (U.S.A)- Awarded for his contributions to the "green revolution" that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America
1969
International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)[U.N]- Awarded to International Labour Organization
1968
René Cassin (France)- President of the European Court for Human Rights
1967
Not awarded this year
1966
Not awarded this year
1965
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) [U.N]- An international aid organization
1964
Martin Luther King Jr. (U.S.A)- Awarded for his Campaigner for civil rights,first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence
1963
International Committee of the Red Cross (Switzerland), League of Red Cross Societies(Switzerland)- Awarded for their work in the protection of human rights in the ICRC's 100 years of existence
1962
Linus Carl Pauling (U.S.A)- Awarded for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing
1961
Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld (Swedan)- Secretary General of the U.N.,awarded for strengthening the organization
1960
Albert John Lutuli (South Africa)- President of the African National Congress, he was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa
1959
Philip J. Noel-Baker (U.K)- Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation
1958
Georges Pire (Belgium)- Father in the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees
1957
Lester Bowles Pearson (Canada)- Awarded for his role in trying to end the Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations
1956
Not awarded this year
1955
Not awarded this year
1954
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) [Switzerland]- An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951
1953
George Catlett Marshall (U.S.A)- General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of the "Marshall Plan
1952
Albert Schweitzer (France)- Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon)
1951
Léon Jouhaux (France)- President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations
1950
Ralph Bunche (U.S.A)- Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948
1949
Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin (U.K)- Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations
1948
Not awarded this year due to the absence of suitable Candidates.A tribute to the recently-assassinated Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Mahatma Gandhi) of India, since the prize cannot be awarded posthumously.
1947
Friends Service Council (The Quakers) [U.K], American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers) [U.S.A]- Awarded for compassion for others and the desire to help them
1946
Emily Greene Balch (U.S.A)- Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
John Raleigh Mott (U.S.A)- Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men's Christian Associations
1945
Cordell Hull (U.S.A)- Awarded for his fight against isolationism at home, his efforts to create a peace bloc of states on the American continents, and his work for the United Nations Organization
1944
International Committee of the Red Cross (Switzerland)- Awarded for the great work it has performed during the war in behalf of humanity
1943
Not awarded this year
1942
Not awarded this year
1941
Not awarded this year
1940
Not awarded this year
1939
Not awarded this year
1938
Nansen International Office for Refugees (Switzerland) - Awarded for its work in aiding refugees
1937
Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Robert Cecil)  (U.K)- Awarded for his work with the League of Nations
1936
Carlos Saavedra Lamas (Argentina)- Awarded for his mediation of an end to the Chaco War between Paraguay and Bolivia
1935
Carl von Ossietzky (Germany)- Awarded for his struggle against Germany's rearmament
1934
Arthur Henderson (U.K)- Awarded for his work for the League, particularly its efforts in disarmament
1933
Sir Norman Angell (Ralph Lane) [U.K]- Awarded for authoring The Great Illusion and for being a "supporter of the League of Nations as well as an influential publicist and educator for peace in general
1932
Not awarded this year
1931
Jane Addams (U.S.A)- Awarded for her social reform work" and "leading the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
Nicholas Murray Butler (U.S.A)- Awarded for his promotion of the Briand-Kellogg pact" and for his work as the "leader of the more establishment-oriented part of the American peace movement
1930
Nathan Söderblom  (Swedan)- Awarded for his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace
1929
Frank Billings Kellogg (U.S.A)- Awarded for the Kellogg-Briand pact, whose signatories agreed to settle all conflicts by peaceful means and renounced war as an instrument of national policy
1928
Not awarded this year
1927
Ferdinand Buisson (France), Ludwig Quidde (Germany)- Awarded for contributions to Franco-German popular reconciliation
1926
Aristide Briand (France), Gustav Stresemann  (Germany)- Awarded for work on the Locarno Treaties
1925
Sir Austen Chamberlain (U.K)- Awarded for work on the Locarno Treaties
Charles Gates Dawes (U.S.A)- Awarded for work on the Dawes Plan for German reparations which was seen as having provided the economic underpinning of the Locarno Pact of 1925
1924
Not awarded this year
1923
Not awarded this year
1922
Fridtjof Nansen (Norway)- Awarded for his work in aiding the millions in Russia struggling against famine" and "his work for the refugees in Asia Minor and Thrace
1921
Karl Hjalmar Branting (Swedan)- Awarded for his work in the League of Nations
Christian Lous Lange (Norway)- Awarded for his work as the first secretary of the Norwegian Nobel Committee" and "the secretary-general of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
1920
Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois (France)- Awarded for his participation in both the Hague Conferences of 1899 and 1907" and for his work towards "what became the League to such an extent that he was frequently called its 'spiritual father
1919
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (U.S.A)- Awarded for his crucial role in establishing the League
1918
Not awarded this year
1917
International Committee of the Red Cross  (Switzerland)- Awarded for undertaking the tremendous task of trying to protect the rights of the many prisoners of war on all sides (of World War I), including their right to establish contacts with their families
1916
Not awarded this year
1915
Not awarded this year
1914
Not awarded this year.
1913
Henri La Fontaine (Belgium)- Awarded for his work as head of the International Peace Bureau
1912
Elihu Root (U.S.A)- Awarded for his strong interest in international arbitration and for his plan for a world court
1911
Tobias Michael Carel Asser  (Netherlands)- Awarded for being a member of the Court of Arbitration as well as the initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law
Alfred Hermann Fried  (Austria)- Awarded for his work as founder of the German Peace Society
1910
Permanent International Peace Bureau  (Switzerland)- Awarded for acting as a link between the peace societies of the various countries
1909
Auguste Marie François Beernaert  (Belgium)- Awarded for being a representative to the two Hague conferences, and a leading figure in the Inter-Parliamentary Union
Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d'Estournelles de Constant  (France)- Awarded For combined diplomatic work for Franco-German and Franco-British understanding with a distinguished career in international arbitration
1908
Klas Pontus Arnoldson (Swedan)- Awarded for his work as founder of the Swedish Peace and Arbitration League
Fredrik Bajer  (Denmark)- Awarded for being the foremost peace advocate in Scandinavia, combining work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau
1907
Ernesto Teodoro Moneta (Italy)- Awarded for his work as a key leader of the Italian peace movement
Louis Renault  (France)- Awarded for his work as a leading French international jurist and a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague
1906
Theodore Roosevelt (U.S.A)- Awarded for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case
1905
Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau (Austria-Hungary)- Awarded for authoring Lay Down Your Arms and contributing to the creation of the Prize
1904
Institute of International Law (Belgium)- Awarded for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law
1903
William Randal Cremer (U.K)- Awarded for his role as the the 'first father' of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
1902
Élie Ducommun (Switzerland)- Awarded for his role as the first honorary secretary of the International Peace Bureau
Charles Albert Gobat (Switzerland)- Awarded For his role as the first Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union
1901
Jean Henry Dunant (Switzerland)- Awarded for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross
Frédéric Passy (France)- Awarded for being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress

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